Agriculture Appropriations Committee Adopts Hoeven Pilot Plan to Provide Fair ARC County Yield Calculations
State FSA Offices Can Determine Best Payment Calculation Method to Ensure Farmers Are Treated Equitably
WASHINGTON – Senator John Hoeven, who serves on the Agriculture Appropriations Committee, announced today that the committee has included his legislation creating a new $5 million, nationwide pilot program to improve the fairness of Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) county-level payment calculations for the 2016 crop year. The pilot program is part of the Fiscal Year 2017 Agriculture funding bill. The senator has been pushing for greater flexibility in the way yields are calculated with U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Secretary Tom Vilsack and Farm Service Agency Administrator Val Dolcini.
“For purposes of determining ARC county payments, USDA has used National Agriculture Statistics Service (NASS) county data to determine yields,” Hoeven said. “The problem is that in some cases, there isn’t enough NASS data for a particular county to get an accurate assessment of yield and the USDA has substituted other yield data that in certain cases doesn’t match actual yields. This pilot program provides a backup, so that if a state’s Farm Service Agency office determines that USDA’s current calculation method is insufficient to make an accurate determination, an alternative method of documenting yields can be used that will provide farmers with a fair payment.”
“The ND Corn Growers are very appreciative of Senator Hoeven’s leadership on the ARC county payment issue in urging USDA to find a fair method to calculate ARC,” said Carson Klosterman, President of the ND Corn Growers. “Today’s passage of Hoeven’s amendment is an important step forward in making sure farmers don’t face the same yield disparities in crop year 2016 that they have experienced in the 2014 crop year, and we hope the Hoeven amendment sends USDA a strong message that it needs to find a solution for the 2014 and 2015 crop years.”
Under the pilot program, the USDA will provide state FSA offices a role in ensuring accurate yield determinations under the ARC program. If the FSA office finds a disparity between yield calculations in comparable counties, the office will have an opportunity to fix any inaccuracy by using an alternate calculation method. The alternative method could result in an additional payment for farmers in the affected counties to rectify the disparity.
Specifically, under the Hoeven pilot program, if a state FSA office determines that the alternate calculation method is necessary for a particular county, this method would work as follows:
• If there is insufficient NASS data for a particular county or if the county NASS data produces a “substantially disparate” result, then a yield calculation for the county is determined by using NASS data from a comparable neighboring county; and
• Should there be insufficient data from a comparable neighboring county, the state FSA can use reliable yield data from other sources such as Risk Management Administration (RMA) data or NASS district data.
ARC county payments became an issue for farmers in North Dakota because under the USDA’s current method of calculating yields, no payments were made to corn growers in LaMoure and Logan counties, and inadequate payments were made to farmers in Ransom and Steele counties for the 2014 crop year. Currently, yields are determined using voluntary yield data reported by producers to the NASS; however, in some counties reporting is sparse, resulting in no or inaccurate data on which to base ARC payments.
The Hoeven amendment is fully offset, with a $5 million reduction to the Agriculture Buildings and Facilities account.
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